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They ask me to resign. Until the election, he said, ''I'm still going to be President.

Egypt crisis echoes fall of Indonesia's Suharto

He added: ''Once again, resignation is not a problem for me. The problem is my feeling of responsibility.

He said he was afraid that any sudden transition of leadership could tear the nation apart, causing conflict ''and even bloody incidents. At midday the Indonesian currency, the rupiah, was trading at 13, to 14, to the dollar, a decline in value of nearly half of the 8, it traded at just a few weeks ago. The military commander in the province of Central Java has issued orders for rioters to be shot on the spot, the state-run Antara news agency reported today. Tyasno Sudarto as saying.

Op-Ed: Indonesia's Jokowi needs world's backing - Los Angeles Times

The struggle over the country's future intensified on Monday when the most powerful parliamentary figure called on President Suharto to step down, only to be countered by the country's most powerful military man, who said the President should stay on. Students who have been demonstrating against Mr. Suharto for three months were at first elated, then enraged, as the embattled President's fortunes shifted.

The Death Throes Of Indonesia's Dictatorship

The stage was set for more confrontations in the streets of a city already devastated by days of rioting and hundreds of deaths. Protests are scheduled in Jakarta and other cities on Wednesday as part of a national holiday commemorating the beginning of the country's independence movement. The call for the President's removal was delivered on national television by Speaker of the House Harmoko, a longtime Suharto loyalist and political servant.

Succession Politics in Indonesia

Harmoko said the heads of all factions of Parliament would meet today to demand Mr. Suharto's resignation. Four hours later, at a long-delayed and abbreviated meeting with reporters, Gen. Wiranto, the Defense Minister and head of the armed forces, said that Mr. Harmoko was speaking only for himself and that his call for the President's resignation ''has no legal basis. Or, if you are already a subscriber Sign in. Close drawer menu Financial Times International Edition. Search the FT Search.

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Of these dramatis personae , Sukarno —70 , born in Surabaya to a low-level Javanese priyayi aristocrat and a Brahmin Balinese woman, would play the most significant role. During high school, he lived in the house of Haji Oemar Said Tjokroaminoto, the charismatic leader of Sarekat Islam Islamic Union , where he met many of the nationalist leaders, and went on to study architecture in a technical college in Bandung.

He founded a study club in , and the Indonesian Nationalist Association, which would later turn into the Indonesian Nationalist Party in ; he was arrested a number of times for his nationalist activities by the colonial government.


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During his presidency, Sukarno was the target of at least seven assassination attempts. After the coup, and the official transfer of power in , he was put under house arrest until his death three years later. He studied economics on a scholarship in Rotterdam, where he became leader of the Indonesian Association in and was arrested.

Both Hatta and Sjahrir were arrested and sent into exile in